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Article VI:  "Public Safety & Viruses":

Public safety involves protecting people from  crimes, disasters and other potential dangers.  In the United States, public safety is the dedicated responsibility of certain government departments and organizations.  Think police officers, security agents,  emergency response teams, fire forces, parole officers, informers, attorneys and more.  No matter the role, the primary goal of public safety professionals is to prevent danger and to protect the wellbeing of citizens, communities and organizations.

If you see yourself working in field protecting our borders from outside threats, solving murder mysteries and struggling for human rights, you are performing the duties of public safety.  Some careers in the public safety field include:

Customs and Border Protection

First Responders


Law Enforcement


Cyber Crime Investigation

International Security

Homeland Security

These institutions are created and maintained by the request of governments and governmental bodies.  Public safety is performed not just through this list of these institutions, but through a series of checks, balances, and openness with the general public.

Currently, the local, regional as well as the federal governments from all around the globe has identified public safety as one of the major areas of concern and importance. They are forming new departments and agencies to ensure that the residents of the place as well as the society is safe and leading a pleasant and enjoyable life. This implies, public safety is one such topic that holds manifold and immense importance in today’s time.

Let’s start the discussion in this regard from the point, how the social safety plays a major role in shaping the economic, trading as well as financial prosperity of an area and a society. The society is one of the major stakeholder in any business process, the stability and the safety in a society is one of the major points to determine its standing in the domain of business and financial activities.

Investors would be reluctant to invest in a region, wherein the rate of crime is always towards the higher side. Likewise, they would not prefer to invest their resources in a region that are prone to disastrous outcomes.  As such, it becomes very important for the local, regional as well as the federal government to ensure adequate protection of the region and its residents as well as to combat the chances of disasters to the extent possible, and ensure a  speedy recovery after the disasters to make investors interested to invest in the region concerned.

A real public safety applies to real-world settings - if you see something suspicious, you inform the correct authorities for problem resolutions.  Public safety leads to public trust and real peace.

Speaking about safety, it involves an emotional as well as physical aspects. In the ideal condition, both these aspects should come in tandem to ensure complete safety for the individual concerned. For instance, you can relevantly consider the instance of a mother to a newborn, with her baby in between her arms, trying to ensure the emotional as well physical safety of the child.        

In this context, the Government is playing the role of the mother, shouldering the responsibility to keep the public, the newborn in this case, emotionally and physically safe. Thus, it will be right to describe safety as a measure to ensure the emotional and physical protection and welfare of the  mass.         

Now, after some basic idea about public safety has been discussed, for better understanding, it is important to throw light on the concept of public security as well. Explained in simple terms, public security refers to all those activities and endeavors that aims to ensure the safety of the public. It involves the security against the probable crimes as well as disasters as well as the correctional as well as the recovery activities to ensure the complete welfare of the mass.           

Issues with public safety are the probable threats that are likely to challenge the emotional as well as physical security of the mass. It involves the threats to the individuals, communities, as well as institutes.  Now, let’s look at some of the issues to public safety:

Law Enforcement Issues: the major issues that the law enforcement departments from all around the world face related to a rise in the rate of responses from active shooters, lack of transparency in police as well as public record, and, issues with the recruitments of the professionals. In addition, law enforcement departments faced significant challenges related to the laws for sanctuary and immigration.

Cyber Security: instances of cyber hacks, leaks and attacks are the major concerns for public safety over the last few years.

Social Engineering: with the social media platforms spreading rumors and fake information hurting the emotions of communities in various manners, social engineering is facing significant challenges to keep up the right shape and condition.

Natural Disasters: over the last few years, with the violation of the equilibrium in the ecological balance, the rates and types of natural disasters has been rising continuously. It is becoming tough for the public safety departments to prevent such instances and ensure speedy recovery.

Public Safety in recent year has been one of the major concerns for the Government departments and agencies from all around the globe. Hence, they are giving more and more importance to the concept, innovating new measures to ensure the welfare as well as the well being  of the mass from the probable risks and threats.

As a society we seem to assume that we are fully capable of maintaining past progress of addressing current health problems, and of being prepared to respond to new health crises.  What we have found, as a society, that we are incapable of meeting these responsibilities, of applying scientific knowledge, organizational skills and of generating new knowledge, methods, and programs.  It is important to reduce new health crises through collective actions, proper communications, cultural understandings and scientific research.  Improved organization, professional competence, care and decisions about public interventions are valued not as ends in themselves, but as means to combat real dangers to the public health.

Public human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.  Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.  International human rights law lays down the obligations of Governments to act in certain ways or to refrain from certain acts, in order to promote and protect human rights and fundamental freedoms of individuals or groups.

One of the great achievements of the United Nations is the creation of a comprehensive body of human rights law—a universal and internationally protected code to which all nations can subscribe and all people aspire. The United Nations has defined a broad range of internationally accepted rights, including civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. It has also established mechanisms to promote and protect these rights and to assist states in carrying out their responsibilities.  The United Nations has gradually expanded human rights law to encompass specific standards for women, children, persons with disabilities, minorities and other vulnerable groups, who now possess rights that protect them from discrimination that had long been common in many societies.

Animal rights are moral principles grounded in the belief that animals deserve the ability to live as they wish, without being subjected to the desires of human beings. At the core of animal rights is autonomy, which is another way of saying choice. In many countries, human rights are enshrined to protect certain freedoms, such as the right to expression, freedom from torture, and access to democracy. Of course, these choices are constrained depending on social locations like race, class, and gender, but generally speaking, human rights safeguard the basic tenets of what makes human lives worth living. Animal rights aim to do something similar, only for animals.  Very few countries have enshrined animal rights into law. However, the United States and the United Kingdom do have some basic protections and guidelines for how animals can be treated and should not be infected.


by Naveed Khan and World Wide Web (WWW) pages; 4/22/2023

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